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Vital Information On Robotic Assisted Surgery Houston Clients Should Understand

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By Margaret Myers

In the last few years, there have been great advances in techniques employed in surgery. The aim of all this progress is to reduce operative risk and to increase the chances of getting favorable outcomes. The entry of robotic assisted surgery is one of the developments that has helped achieve this objective. It is a technique that has been received with enthusiasm and is now being used for a variety of operations. There are a number of things regarding robotic assisted surgery Houston patients need to know.

This technique is more or less an improvement on the other minimally invasive surgeries such as laparoscopy. There is greater precision than with conventional endoscopy even when operating in very narrow spaces. This means that the risk of complications arising from human error is markedly reduced. The surgeon the images projected on a monitor while operating just as happens with laparoscopic operations.

What differentiates this approach from the other methods is the fact that the surgeon does not ordinarily handle the instruments. This is done by effectors found at the end of the robotic arm. This robot is either controlled using a computer or an instrument known as telemanipulator. The telemanipulator transmits the movements made by the surgeon to the robotic arms and eventually the effectors.

There are a number of developments that have taken place in relation to the use of this equipment since it was first adopted. Among them is the development of 3-D imaging that has made the operating field that is projected to the screen even clearer. This has served to make the work of the surgeon easier. Another development is the ability of surgeons to operate remotely even though this is yet to be tried practically.

In some cases, the robotic technique has not been adopted fully but computerized devices are assisting some aspects of the procedure. For instance, in a technique known as enhanced open surgery, the surgeon performs the traditional open technique but also uses the robot for some actions such as the spreading of ribs. The computerized devices have the ability to achieve smoother maneuvers hence a reduction in the degree of tissue trauma.

There are many operations that are performed using this technique. These range from cardiovascular, gynecological and urological surgeries. Specific examples include the repair of hernias, removal of the prostate (prostatectomy), kidney transplants, coronary artery bypass procedures, tubal reversal and cardiac valve repair among others. This list continues to grow by the day.

In spite of the high level of computerization (and precision) associated with the technique, risks for complications still exist. Complications that may be encountered during the operation include excessive blood loss and injury to other organs (such as the intestines, the solid organs, major blood vessels and nerves). Infections may set in during the postoperative period. The overall risk is lower than that associated with the other methods.

It is important to point out that in robot assisted surgery, the operation is carried out by the surgeon and not the robot. The latter is merely an extension of the hands of the operating surgeon. Before undergoing the operation you will need to be evaluated by your doctor to determine whether your condition can be managed using this approach. Imaging studies and blood tests are often needed as well.

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