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Some Facts Concerning Gastric Bypass Surgery Houston Residents Need To Understand

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By Carolyn Hughes

Bariatric surgeries are a group of operations that are mainly performed with the aim of achieving weight loss. It is mainly performed in persons with morbid obesity. The main role of this operation is to reduce the capacity of the stomach which effectively minimizes the amount of food that one can eat a given point in time. The end result is a reduction in weight over time. There are several things on gastric bypass surgery Houston patients should know.

One of the main requirements for one to undergo these types of surgeries is that they must have tried the non-surgical options. Such will include, for example dietary modification and taking part in physical exercise regularly. The procedure is suitable for persons that are at risk of weight related conditions such as hypertension, cardiac disease, cerebrovascular accidents and diabetes among others. Another requirement is that the body mass index should be 40 or more.

Make a point of seeing your doctor for evaluation. Part of this evaluation will entail giving a clinical history and undergoing a comprehensive physical examination. The findings from this examination will determine whether or not you are suitable candidate. Your doctor will advise that you stop any foods or drugs that may put you at an increased risk of bleeding. Examples include blood thinners, aspirin and nicotine.

Gastric bypass surgery if of several different types. The most popular among them is what is termed Roux-en-Y. This is mainly because of the use of small incisions. The incisions are associated with a lower rate of complications and a better cosmetic outcome compared to the other options that exist. The procedure is done in two main stages.

The first step involves the conversion of the stomach into a small pouch whose capacity is about one ounce of food. This is done by use of staples or a silicon band. The second step is the fashioning of a Y-shaped intestinal section. This segment is joined onto the pouch created from the stomach. The first and second parts of the intestines are skipped (bypassed) in this process.

Extensive gastric bypass (also referred to as biliopancreatic diversion) is a radical type that is rarely performed except as a last resort. Commonly, it is done due to severe biliary obstruction caused by liver disease. It is associated with numerous complications and a high mortality rate. The procedure involves the removal of the lower stomach section and the joining of the upper part to the intestines.

The operation is associated with a number of complications. Stretching of the pouch may occur with time and the stomach may even regain its original size in a few years. Another possible complication is that the silicone band may be eroded over time and disintegrate. Leakages of stomach acids may also occur and lead to damage of major organs.

Dumping syndrome is another common complications. It occurs when there is a rapid movement of food through the stomach. The symptoms associated with this syndrome include nausea, fainting, weakness, diarrhea and sweating among others. This problem is most likely to be encountered after one eats sugary foods (about ten to thirty minutes after the meal).

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