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Important Information On Gastric Sleeve Surgery Houston Patients Need To Have

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By Jessica Wood

There are several options of weight loss that one can consider if they wish to shed off extra pounds. Lifestyle changes are the most commonly used approach but surgical options appear to be gaining preference as well. The methods that are most commonly used include gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass. There are some important things on gastric sleeve surgery Houston residents need to know if they plan on having this procedure.

Sleeve gastrectomy may be used on its own or as part of the bypass procedure. The procedure itself involves the removal of a significant part of the stomach. The organ is first split along its length, the unwanted part removed and the remainder repaired using stitches or staples. Generally, the part that is removed is between 75% and 80% leaving behind a small tubular structure that can hold a limited amount of food.

The idea of the operation just as is the case with most weight loss operations is to limit the amount of food that the individual undergoing it can eat. The small stomach volume results in faster filling and stimulation of early satiety. Additionally, the removal of a significant stomach portion influences the production of digestive enzymes. The resultant changes suppress the appetite and maintain a high blood glucose levels.

The outcomes of this operations are quite impressive for most people. For instance, it has been shown that up to 50% of body weight can be shed off in a matter of months. This is comparable to the results of gastric bypass but without the unwanted side effects. This operation is also advantageous in that the nerves that supply the stomach are preserved and the function of stomach valve mechanisms remain intact.

When performing gastrectomy, the surgeon will use one of two techniques: the open or the laparoscopic option. The laparoscopic option is the more popular option due to several reasons. One of this reasons is the fact that it requires smaller surgical cut than those that are used during the open operation. As a result, the scars so produced are smaller. The pain is less and so is the risk of infection after surgery.

There is a criteria that is used in selecting candidates to undergo the operation. One of them is the fact that they should have tried out lifestyle changes first. This is not a must but more of a general recommendation. The body mass index should ideally be 40 or more except in cases where the individual already suffers from weight related complications such as hypertension and sleep apnea.

As is the case with many other surgeries, there are several risks associated with this operation. General complications may include bleeding, injury to vital structures and infections. More specific complications may include esophageal spasms, leakage of gastric contents and long term dilatation of the stomach. Fortunately, the dilation occurs very slowly and is rarely a cause for concern. It is important to mention that the sleeve procedure cannot be reversed even in the presence of severe complications.

If you are considering bariatric surgery as a weight loss option, there several options that you can choose from. These include gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy and banding. Surgeon preference and the magnitude of your problem are some of the factors likely to influence your decision. The gastrectomy procedure is quite effective but has huge disadvantage in that it cannot be reversed.

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